Sleep problems in fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis compared with the general population.
Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2009 Jan-Feb;27
Belt NK, Kronholm E, Kauppi MJ.
Rheumatism Foundation Hospital, Psychological Unit, Heinola, Finland.
OBJECTIVE:Our aim was to evaluate how frequently problems of quality and quantity of sleep and depression occur in patients with fibromyalgia (FM), and compare these findings with those occurring in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in the general population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:The patients were recruited from rehabilitation courses in the Rheumatism Foundation Hospital, Finland. There were 37 patients with FM and 31 patients with RA participating in the study. For comparison, we used the results from a general population study
of 1284 adult subjects. The data had been collected earlier in a longitudinal cohort study for the Finnish Social Insurance Institution.
RESULTS:The patients with FM and RA slept fewer hours a day than the population sample. The FM patients reported more insomnia, less contentment with sleep and more lack of deep and restful sleep in comparison to the RA patients and the participants of the population study. The FM patients also reported significantly more depression and pain than the RA patients (p0.01). It was still shown in a logistic regression analysis that insomnia was almost five times more frequent in FM patients than in RA patients, even when depression and pain were adjusted.
CONCLUSION:The FM patients reported more insomnia-related symptoms than either RA patients or the population sample. The higher prevalence of insomnia-related symptoms among FM patients was not explained by depression or pain. Both patient groups reported
somewhat shorter nocturnal sleep than the general population.